The glycemic index (GI) is a ranking system that measures how quickly carbohydrates in foods raise blood sugar levels. It assigns a value to different foods based on how they affect blood glucose levels compared to a reference food, usually pure glucose or white bread.
Loading the player...Glycemic Index and Blood Glucose Levels <p>Professional <a href="https://www.healthchoicesfirst.com/practitioner-type/registered-dietician">Dietician RD</a>, CDE, discusses <a href="https://diabetes-now.com/glycemic-index">Glycemic Index</a> and Blood Glucose Levels</p>
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Professional Dietitian, talks about how to eat healthy carbohydrates for a good energy sources and improved glycemic control.
Glycemic Index and Blood Glucose Levels
The glycemic index was a concept that was introduced by Dr. David Jenkins out of the University of Toronto. It’s a concept that categorizes food on how quickly it causes a rise in blood sugar once ingested. They categorize foods whether they are high glycemic or low glycemic, and it’s interesting to note that foods like white bread or potatoes actually cause a faster blood sugar rise than a food like regular table sugar.
So when you’re choosing your meals, for example if you wanted rice for dinner, try to choose wild rice over white, and when it comes to fruit, choose blueberries over watermelon.If somebody has more questions about the glycemic index they should speak with a local dietitian, certified diabetes educator or a diabetes specialist.If somebody has more questions about the glycemic index, they should speak with a local dietitian, certified diabetes educator or a diabetes specialist.
The GI scale ranges from 0 to 100. Foods with a high GI (70 or above) are rapidly digested and absorbed, causing a quick and significant increase in blood sugar levels. Examples of high GI foods include white bread, white rice, sugary drinks, and many processed snacks.
On the other hand, foods with a low GI (55 or below) are digested and absorbed more slowly, resulting in a slower and more gradual increase in blood sugar levels. Low GI foods include most fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. These foods are often recommended for their potential to provide sustained energy and help control blood sugar levels.
It's important to note that the glycemic index is a useful tool, especially for people with diabetes or those looking to manage their blood sugar levels. However, it does have limitations. The GI of a food can be influenced by various factors, including food preparation, ripeness, cooking method, and the presence of other foods in a meal. Additionally, the glycemic index does not take into account the quantity of carbohydrate consumed, which can also affect blood sugar response.
Another related concept is the glycemic load (GL), which combines the glycemic index of a food with the amount of carbohydrate it contains. The glycemic load provides a more comprehensive measure of how a specific food or meal affects blood sugar levels.
It's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian for personalized dietary advice, especially if you have specific health concerns or conditions.