Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Heart diseases include:
Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.
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So in addition to medications, a critical aspect of treating patients after a heart attack is changes towards a more healthy lifestyle.
And what healthy lifestyle choices do is both a direct effect on the heart, as well as an indirect effect to the heart. A very large trial demonstrated that 90 percent of all heart attacks can be predicted by nine modifiable risk factors, which can be positively influenced by changes in one’s lifestyle.
These would include smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, fruit and vegetable intake or lack thereof, truncal obesity, physical inactivity, high levels of psychosocial stress and lack of moderate alcohol intake. These particular risk factors can all be modified with healthier lifestyle choices, including diet, exercise and appropriate structure reduction techniques.
And they are complementary, and extremely important to any medication that your physician or other health care provider will give to you following a heart attack.
Presenter: Dr. Graham Wong, Cardiologist, Vancouver, BC
Now Health Network Local Practitioners: Cardiologist
So there’s several things that you can do to help live a healthier life with heart failure.So number one is you can start watching the salt in your diet. So it’s really important to know how to read labels. So talking to a dietitian is really important.We recommend that you have a diet of less than 2,000 milligrams of salt a day. That’s a really low sodium diet. Most of us have between four and five thousand milligrams of sodium in our diet.
So what’s interesting is that, you know, most people are concerned about the salt shaker on the table and that’s not actually the biggest source of sodium. Over 70 percent of it is found hidden in processed foods.
So we recommend for heart failure patients that they follow a diet of less than 2,000 milligrams a day. It prevents the fluid retention and that is, you know, when you have too much salt in the diet, you have fluid that builds up in your feet, your legs, and your belly. Sometimes it gets into the lungs and it makes it difficult to breathe.
Being active is a really important part of caring for yourself as a heart failure patient. First of all, it makes you feel better mentally, feel better physically, you sleep better, you’re less breathless. All those are really important when it comes to caring for yourself as a health failure patient. Often seeing a local family physician or a physiotherapist in conjunction with a registered dietitian and athletic therapist is a great option to take control of this condition. Smart Food Now and exercise is also optominal for overall health.
It’s important that you talk to your family physician about an activity plan suited for you. We really encourage you to connect with your local cardiac rehab program as they can provide an exercise prescription that will help you live well with heart failure.
It's important for younger people to be aware of their cardiovascular risk factors, and to do their best to modify them.In particular I think exercise is a critical part of risk reduction, and it's important to have at least half an hour of exercise three times a week. Diet is a big part as well. A low salt diet, low fat diet, high in fruits and vegetables, alcohol moderation is important as well. And obviously reducing the major risk factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes control, pays very well long-term dividends.
It's important for young people to be informed of their heart disease risk factors and to deal with them before they develop an event rather than after. And, certainly the relationship with their physician is crucial in terms of long term awareness and control of the risk factors.
Presenter: Dr. Brett Heilbron, Cardiologist, Vancouver, BC
Local Practitioners: Cardiologist