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  • Osteoarthritis Foot Ankle Joints

    Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by a decrease in bone density and quality, resulting in weakened bones that are more prone to fractures. It often goes undiagnosed until a fracture occurs because it is a silent disease that progresses slowly and painlessly in its early stages.

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    <p>&nbsp;<a href="">Physiotherapist </a>, Kinesiologist, talks about osteoarthritis of the foot and ankle joint.</p>

     Physiotherapist , Kinesiologist, talks about osteoarthritis of the foot and ankle joint.

  • Osteoarthritis Foot Ankle Joints

    Osteoarthritis is indeed a chronic condition characterized by the gradual wearing away of articular cartilage, leading to joint space loss, bone changes, and the formation of osteophytes or bone spurs.

    The joints most commonly affected by OA in the foot are the base of the big toe, the talocrural joint (ankle joint), and the subtalar joint. The symptoms of OA in the foot include pain, stiffness (particularly in the morning or after inactivity), localized swelling, and potential joint deformation.

    Physiotherapists can play a crucial role in managing OA. They can recommend and provide braces or splints to support the joint and prevent further deformity. These splints are often worn during the night or during flare-ups. Physiotherapists also employ various techniques to improve joint mobility and range of motion through gentle stretching and movement exercises. Strengthening exercises for the muscles surrounding the affected joint are essential to maintain proper function and reduce pain.

    Contrary to a common misconception, exercise is beneficial for joint health even in the presence of arthritis. Physiotherapists can guide patients in performing safe and appropriate exercises that promote joint health and function.

    If you are experiencing pain, stiffness, or other symptoms in the foot joints, it is advisable to consult with a physiotherapist for a proper diagnosis and the development of a personalized rehabilitation program to manage your condition, maintain or restore function, and alleviate pain.

    The most common sites of fractures due to osteoporosis are the hips and spine. Hip fractures, in particular, can be quite serious and significantly affect a person's mobility and quality of life. Spinal fractures, also known as vertebral compression fractures, can lead to a loss of height, chronic back pain, and a stooped posture.

    It's important to note that osteoporosis can affect both men and women, although it is more common in postmenopausal women due to the hormonal changes associated with menopause. Other risk factors for osteoporosis include advanced age, a family history of the disease, certain medical conditions (such as rheumatoid arthritis and celiac disease), long-term use of certain medications (such as corticosteroids), and a sedentary lifestyle.

    Prevention and early detection are key in managing osteoporosis. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, regular weight-bearing exercises, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can help maintain bone health. Additionally, bone density testing and assessment of fracture risk through tools like the FRAX score can aid in identifying individuals who may benefit from treatment to prevent fractures.

    If you suspect you may have osteoporosis or are concerned about your bone health, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional who can evaluate your risk factors, perform appropriate tests, and provide guidance on prevention and treatment options.


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